70% of the earth’ surface is water, but only 1% is available for human use. It is a precious resource for human life.
The World Water Day on March 22 focuses on raising awareness of the water crisis. More than 1.8 billion people in the world are at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid, polio, or other water-related diseases from drinking contaminated and unsafe water.Many people have to collect their water in filthy water holes that are miles from their homes. They are unable to work and children are dropping out of school because they have to walk for hours to reach water.
Since 1993 when the first World Water Day was established by the United Nations Conference and Environment and Development (UNCED), the world focuses on the importance of freshwater and sustainable management of these resources. And since that time, 2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water. However, it is not enough. Due to continued climate change and poor living conditions strains are being put on overstressed water resources.The UN Sustainable Water goals established in 2015 aim to achieve access to safe water for everyone by 2030. Water is a key driver to eradicate extreme poverty in the world, provides dignity for life and it is a basic need for everyone.
Every year the World Water Day focuses on a specific highlight in relation to freshwater. This year’s theme is “Why waste water?”
80% of waste water globally flows back to nature without being treated or reused. Hence, polluting the environment and making it unsafe for consumption.
This causes a lot of grief and challenges around the globe:
- Every year 3.5 million people die of water, sanitation and hygiene related causes.
- Every day 2 million tons of human waste is disposed in water.
- Every 21 seconds a child dies of a water-related illness.
The world is thirsty for clean water. Water is on a constant cycle and wastewater as part of this cycle can become a valuable resource. Actions to improve the well-being and the health of consumers could be:
- Recycling and treating water in agriculture and aquaculture.
- Using it for energy
- Mining it for nutrients
- Improving the industrial processes and making them cleaner
- Irrigating fields with this water
- Cleaning cities
As an individual in the home, one can commit to action and reduce, save and reuse water:
- Reducing the water use quantity.
- When brushing your teeth either use a mug for the water or switching off the tap while you are brushing.
- Using reduced flushing options and other improved and smart bathroom technologies
- Washing your vegetables in filled sink rather than under running water
- Taking shorter showers (5 minutes max.)
- Using a 4-stick washing machine
- Making sure dripping taps get fixed fast, because a tap that drips once every second wastes 30 liters of water a day
- Not pouring any cooking oil down the drains.
- Collecting rainwater
Let’s start now – not just for a day, but for every day and the future.